Director International Trade Department, The World Bank
Bernard Hoekman manages the World Bank’s international trade department. Prior positions at the World Bank include Research Manager of the trade and international integration team in the Development Research Group; manager of the trade capacity building program of the World Bank Institute; and trade economist in the Middle East/North Africa and Europe and Central Asia departments. Before joining the World Bank in 1993, he was an economist in the GATT Secretariat in Geneva (1988-93), supporting the Uruguay Round negotiations. He has published widely on the GATT/WTO, trade negotiations, international trade and investment in services, trade preferences and regional integration. He is a graduate of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan and is a Research Fellow of the London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research. His most recent publication is The Political Economy of the World Trading System (Oxford University Press, 3rd edition, 2009).